免费午夜秀场诱惑直播

区块链发展及其在金融领域的应用

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  区块链基础架构及关键技术

  qukuailianshijiyumimaxueyuanlierbushijiyuxinyong,shidehulianwangshangrenhedachengyizhidejiaoyishuangfangzhijiezhifu,congerbuxuyaodisanfangxinyongzhongjiejigoudecanyu。benzhishang,qukuailianshiyigefenbushizhangben,yizhongtongguoquzhongxinhua、quxinrendefangshijitiweihuyigekekaoshujukudejishufangan,shifenbushishujucunchu、dianduidianchuanshu、gongshijizhi、jiamisuanfadengjisuanjijishudexinxingyingyongmoshi。

  (yi)qukuailiandejichujiagouhemoshi。qukuailianxitongyoushujuceng、wangluoceng、gongshiceng、jiliceng、heyuecengheyingyongcengzucheng,baohanlecongdicengshujujiegoudaogongshijizhidaodingcengyingyongxieyidezhongduoneirong。qizhong,shujucengfengzhuangledicengshujuqukuaiyijixiangguandeshujujiamiheshijianchuodengjishu;wangluocengzebaokuofenbushizuwangjizhi、shujuchuanbojizhiheshujuyanzhengjizhideng;gongshicengzhuyaofengzhuangwangluojiediandegeleigongshisuanfa;jilicengjiangjingjiyinsujichengdaoqukuailianjishutixizhonglai,zhuyaobaokuojingjijilidefaxingjizhihefenpeijizhideng;heyuecengzhuyaofengzhuanggeleijiaoben、suanfahezhinengheyue,shiqukuailiankebianchengtexingdejichu;yingyongcengzefengzhuanglequkuailiandegezhongyingyongchangjingheanli。qukuailianxitongmeicengfenbiewanchengyixianghexingongneng,gecengzhijianhuxiangpeihe,shixianyigequzhongxinhuadexinrenjizhi。keyishuo,qukuailianjishuzuijudaibiaoxingdechuangxindianjiweijiyushijianchuodelianshiqukuaijiegou、fenbushijiediandegongshijizhi、jiyugongshisuanlidejingjijilihelinghuokebianchengdezhinengheyue。

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  tongchang,qukuailianyingyongxuyaogenjubutongchangjingerxuanzebutonggongshijizhi,ruheguijianguanfangmianshifouzhichichaojiquanxianjiedianduiquanwangjiedianjishujujinxingjianguan、jiaoyidachenggongshibeiquerendexingnengxiaolv、gongshiguochengzhonghaofeidecpujiwangluoshurushuchuhecunchudengjisuanjiziyuan、fanggongjifangqizhaderongcuonenglideng。shishishang,zhiyaoheshidejizhinengbaozhengjiludekekaokezhuisu、butongjiedianjuyouxiangduipingdengdequanli,zejizhidebutongbingbugaibianqukuailiandebenzhi。keyishuo,gongshisuanfadechuangxinjiangshituidongqukuailianchanyehuadezhongyaoliliang。

  2.shujucunchu。zaiqukuailianjishuzhong,shujuyiqukuaidefangshiyongjiuchucun。qukuaianshijianshunxuzhugexianhoushengchengbinglianjiechenglian,meiyigequkuaijilulechuangjianqijianfashengdesuoyoujiaoyixinxi。qukuaideshujujiegouyibanfenweiqukuaitou(header)hequkuaiti(body)。qizhong,qukuaitouyongyulianjiedaoqianyigequkuaibingqietongguoshijianchuotexingbaozhenglishishujudewanzhengxing;qukuaitizebaohanlejingguoyanzhengde、qukuaichuangjianguochengzhongchanshengdesuoyoujiaoyixinxi。

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  5.yinsibaohu。muqianqukuailianshangchuanshuhecunchudeshujudoushigongkaikejiande,jintongguo“weiniming”defangshiduijiaoyishuangfangjinxingyidingdeyinsibaohu。duiyumouxieshejidaliangdeshangyejimiheliyideyewuchangjinglaishuo,shujudebaolubufuheyewuguizehejianguanyaoqiu。muqian,yejiepubianrenweilingzhishizhengming、huanqianminghetongtaijiamidengjishubijiaoyouxiwangjiejuequkuailiandeyinsiwenti。

免费午夜秀场诱惑直播  6.zhinengheyue。zhinengheyuekeshizuoyiduanbushuzaiqukuailianshangkezidongyunxingdechengxu,qihangaidefanweibaokuobianchengyuyan、bianyiqi、xuniji、shijian、zhuangtaiji、rongcuojizhideng。xunijishiqukuailianzhongzhinengheyuedeyunxinghuanjing。xunijibujinbeishaxiangfengzhuangqilai,shishishangtabeiwanquangeli。yejiushishuoyunxingzaixunijineibudedaimabunengjiechudaowangluo、wenjianxitonghuozheqitajincheng。shenzhizhinengheyuezhijianyezhinengjinxingyouxiandediaoyong。benzhishang,zhinengheyueshiyiduanchengxu,cunzaichucuodekenengxing,shenzhihuiyinfayanzhongwentihuoliansuofanying,yincixuyaozuohaochongfenderongcuojizhi,tongguoxitonghuadeshouduan,jieheyunxinghuanjinggeli,quebaoheyuezaiyouxianshijianneianyuqizhixing。

  区块链在金融领域中的应用探索

  jinronglingyushiqukuailianjishudezhongyaoyingyonglingyu。qukuailianbenzhishangshiyigequzhongxinhuafenbushizhangben,xiangdangyuyizhongquanmincanyujizhangdefangshi,zaidangjinkejiqudongjinrongfazhandeshidai,qukuailianchengweizuixindekejiqudongliliang。qukuailianjishuweijiejuejingjihejinrongdenglingyudexinrenwenti,tigongledicengzhichijishu,qiyongyoudegaokekaoxing、jianhualiucheng、jiaoyikezhuizong、jieyuechengben、jianshaocuowuyijigaishanshujuzhiliangdengtexing,shiqiyoukenengzaicizhongsuquanqiujinrongyedejichukuangjia,youqishixinyongchuandijiaohuanjizhi,bingjiasujinrongchuangxinyuchanpindiedaisudu,jidatigaojinrongyunxingxiaolv。qukuailianzaijinronglingyudezhuyaoyingyongbaokuoyixiajigefangmian:

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  (er)zhengquanjiaoyi。duiyuchuantongzhengquanfaxing,zhongjianrenwangwangkongzhizheshichang,biruguoneizhengquanhaiwaishangshishouxianyaojingguoguoneizhengjianhuishenhe,ranhouguowaijiaoyisuoshenhe,shenhehouzaiyijishichangfaxing,erjishichangjiaoyi,fanfurongzhangdeliuchengwangwangdaozhifaxingchengbendezengjia。erqukuailiandedanshenghenyoukenengshidequanqiudezichanmoshicongxianshenhehoufaxingbianchengxianfaxinghoushenhe,congershidezhengquanfaxingmianquzhuduozhongjianrenhuanjie。qukuailianjishutongguozhengquandequzhongxinhuajiaoyi,bujinkeyibangzhuxianzhuxuejianfaxing、zhuizongjijiaoyijiamizhengquandechengben,erqienenggoubimianchuantongzhengquanshichangjingchangfashengdecaozongxingwei。jiyuqukuailianjishudequzhongxinhuajiaoyixitong(rubitshares),jijubeichuantongjiaoyisuoxitonggongneng,tongshiyoubuyikaorenhezhongxinhuajigouhuofuwuqilaizidongyunxing,xitongneisuoyoujiaoyizichanhuochanpinkeyourenherenchuangjianbingjiaoyi。dangran,zheiyebukebimiandidailaijianguankunnandewenti。youyuyunxingdejisuanjijicanyujiaoyiderenkenengbianbushijiegedi,renherenkefaxingrenhezhengquanzichan,shidesifaguanxiaquannanyijieding;tongshi,suizhezichanguimodebuduankuoda,qiguanliyejiangbiandeyuelaiyuenan。

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  趋势及展望

  muqian,qukuailianzaililunyanjiuheyingyongshijianshanghaishiliangzhangpi。ruguojiangshixianbitebiliniandejishu——quxinrenhuanjingxiatongguojiqishixiangongshi(jibaizhantingrongcuogongshi)zuoweiqukuailianjishuhexin,zequkuailianzaijishuhelilunshanghaiyuanweidadaodaguimoyingyongjieduan。ruguojiangtianjiahaxi(hash)zhiziduandefenbushizhangbenjishu(dlt)(feibaizhantingrongcuogongshihuanjing)chengweiqukuailian,zezheizhongshangshiji90niandaijiuyichuxiandejishuyetanbushangshenmegaoxinheshenmi,zhinengshuoshixinpingzhuangjiujiu。lingwai,qukuailianyebingfeijinjinzhishi“qukuai+lian”deshujujiegou。suizhequkuailianjishudefazhan,tebieshishujucengdejishuhedicengtuopujiegoudebuduanchuangxin,dangqian,yijingyongxianchuzhuruyouxiangwuhuantu(directed acyclic graph)hehaxitu(hash  graph)dengxinxingdequkuai“lian”shujujiegou,zheixiexinshujujiegoujiangyidanyiliantiaoweijichudequkuailianjishudefanchoutuozhanweijiyutujiegoudequkuai“lian”huofenbushizhangben。

免费午夜秀场诱惑直播  qukuailianjishuhaichuyufazhandezaoqijieduan,jiangqituiguangyingyongyugexingyeyouqishijinronglingyushangcunzaizhuduowentinandian。shouxian,quefatongyijishubiaozhun。qukuailiandedicengjishubingbuchengshuqieshangweitongyi,daduoshupingtaizaixingnenganquanxingfangmianhaiyousuoqianque。qici,shijianfangmianqueshaokekaoanli。jinguanmuqianzuidadequkuailianyingyong——bitebizuigaoshizhichaoguo3000yimeiyuan,danruochengzaimeitianshangwanyimeiyuandedaguimojiaoyi,haixuyaoduiqukuailianjishuzuojinyibuceshi。qisan,pingtaizhongzhichengbenjiaogao。duichuantongjinrongjigoueryan,qukuailianjishuyingyongdejichujianshetouzichengbenguogao,qiejiangyuanyouyewuqianyizhixinpingtaidefengxianjiaoda,jigoutuidaozhonglaiyiyuanbingbuqiang。zuihou,rencaiziyuankuifa。shichangquefajidongjinrongyoudongqukuailiandekuajierencai,erguoneiqukuailianjishuchubeiyuchuangxinyijixiangguanchanyefazhanxuyaodaliangdezonghexingrencai。

  weici,zhengfubumenyingjinmigenzongmeiguo、oumeng、yingguo、ribendengfadaguojiahediquduituidongqukuailianfazhandezhengcecuoshi,tongshijiehewoguoqukuailianjishuyanjiuheyingyongfazhanxianzhuang,jishichutaiqukuailianjishuhechanyefazhanfuchizhengce,zhongdianzhichiguanjianjishugongguan、xitongjiejuefanganyanfahegonggongfuwupingtaijianshedeng。gulizhongdianqiye、keyangaoxiaoheyonghudanweijiaqianglianhe,jiakuaigongshijizhi、kebianchengheyue、fenbushicunchu、shuziqianmingdenghexinguanjianjishugongguan。zhichiyoutiaojianqiyetebieshidaqiyejiadayanfatourulidu,goujianqukuailiantongyongkaifapingtai,jiangdiqukuailianjishuyanfaheyingyongchengben。jiakuairencaipeiyangtixijianshe。gulibingzhichizhongdiangaoxiaoshezhiqukuailianzhuanyekecheng,tuidongzhongdianqiyehegaoxiaolianhe,jianshequkuailianrencaishixunjidi,jiakuaipeiyangqukuailianzhuanyejishurencai。lingwai,xiangguanjianguanbumenyingmiqieguanzhuqukuailianjishudefazhandongxiang,jiaqiangyanjiuhejishuchubei,jishijianlibingwanshanqukuailianchanyejianguanguizehejishuyingyongbiaozhun,fangzhichuxianjishulanyongjiyemanshengzhangjijinrongyunxingdailaiewaifengxian。

  zuoweiweilaijinrongkejidedicengjishu,qukuailianjuyouhenqiangdezhanlveyiyi。zaiweilaijinrongkejitansuoshang,guoneijinrongyeyingjiaqiangdingcengsheji,jiakuaituidongqukuailianjishuyanfa、shijianheyingyong,jijicanyuqukuailianjinrongdeguojihezuoheguojiqukuailianlianmengjibiaozhundechuangshe,yizhengquguojijinrongzhanlvezhigaodian,tishengwoguojinronghexinjingzhengli,rangjinronggenghaodiweishitijingjifuwu。

来源:金融时报-中国金融新闻网 作者:黄国平  

(作者系中国社会科学院金融研究所研究员、国家金融与发展实验室投融资研究中心主任)


2019年12月27日

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